Joyce (Clifden) -
In the 1870s John Joyce of Clifden owned 5,365 acres in county Galway.
Joseph Gorham of Clifden, county Galway, owned 595 acres in the county in the 1870s.
This house was the home of the Burton family on the shore of Inchiquin Lough in the late 18th and 19th centuries. Wilson refers to it as the seat of Edward W. Burton in 1786. It was the residence of Lieutenant Colonel Marcus Patterson in the 1870s and in 1906. The house is still extant.
Thomas Lydon of Clifden bought the townlands of Glenbrickeen and Townaloughra, parish of Omey, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, from the sale of the St.George Ballynahinch estate in 1852. In the 1870s he owned 801 acres in the county.
Burton (Clifden & Mungret) -
In 1780 Edward William Burton of Clifden was High Sheriff of county Clare and William Burton of Clifden held the same position in 1800. At the time of Griffith's Valuation Edward W. Burton held five townlands in the parishes of Killinaboy and Rath, barony of Inchiquin, county Clare and William Burton held four townlands in the parish of Killinaboy, barony of Inchiquin. In the 1870s William W. Burton of Dublin owned 2,133 acres in county Clare. The Dictionary of Irish Biography states that Sir Frederic William Burton, R.H.A., water-colour painter and Director of the National Gallery, was born at Clifden House, Corofin, Co. Clare, on 8th April, 1816 though he himself, in the 1891 UK Census stated that he was born in county Wicklow. He was the third son of Samuel Frederick Burton by his wife, Hannah Mallet, of Dublin. His family were, in any case, associated with Clifden house.
Samuel Burton of Mungret, county Limerick, was a son of Edward William Burton of Clifden. At the time of Griffith's Valuation Dr Edward Burton and Major Charles Burton held a number of townlands in the parish of Mungret, barony of Pubblebrien, county Limerick. In the 1870s Edward Burton of London owned 595 acres in county Limerick.
Shanboolard Hall -
Built post 1838, occupied by E. Whitwell at the time of Griffith's Valuation and later by the Acheson family who were strong promoters of the Galway to Clifden railway. Bought by the Armstrongs in 1890s and in the possession of their descendants for most of the 20th century. Sold to Ashley Mathews following the death of Graham Tulloch in 1990.
Clifden Castle -
Built circa 1818 by John D'Arcy and home to his family until 1850 when it was sold to Thomas Eyre. Left by him to his nephew John Joseph Eyre and sold by his representatives to a local butcher in 1917. It is now a ruin. A lithograph of the house is part of the sales rental 1850.
Coneys (Clifden) -
The Coneys family were granted lands in the barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway under the Acts of Settlement. Thomas Cunnys of Cleggan, county Galway, was involved in a number of transactions with Colonel John Browne of Westport in the early 18th century. The Cunnis family of Clifden also sheltered James Joseph McDonnell when escaping to America after the 1798 Rebellion. A document in the Milford Papers records them leasing over 900 acres from the Millers in the parish of Ballynakill in 1804. By the early 19th century they were leasing land from John D'Arcy of Clifden at Streamstown in the parish of Omey. In 1814 members of the family were residing at Ardbear, Aughris and Streamstown. The family still live at Streamstown. At the time of Griffith's Valuation Coneys family members held land in the parishes of Ballindoon and Omey, barony of Ballynahinch while Matthew Lewis Coneys held the townland of Ringarraun, parish of Ballyhean, barony of Carra, county Mayo. It was previously in the possession of James Hardiman. In 1865 Coneys advertised Ringarraun for sale in the Landed Estates' Court.
Eyre (Clifden) -
Thomas Eyre of Bath, Somerset, bought much of the property of John D'Arcy of Clifden, county Galway, for sale in the Encumbered Estates' Court in 1850, including the Kylemore estate which he purchased in 1852 and part of the New Forest estate in the barony of Tiaquin. From 1837 the D'Arcy estates were mortgaged to him and his brother Charles Eyre. At the time of Griffith's Valuation he owned about 20 townlands in the parish of Omey, 3 townlands in the parishes of Moyrus and Ballynakill, barony of Ballynahinch and 4 townlands in the parish of Kilkerrin, barony of Tiaquin. In 1864 he handed over his Connemara estates to his nephew John Joseph Eyre of London, who is recorded as owning 8,204 acres in the 1870s. The Eyres were absentee landlords and after J.J.Eyre's death in 1894 a trust was set up to administer their property until most of it was purchased by the Land Commission in 1931. The agents for the trust were Joyce, Mackie and Lougheed, solicitors, Galway.
At the time of Griffith's Valuation James Hardiman, the historian, held three townlands in the parish of Ballyhean, barony of Carra, county Mayo. At the time of the first Ordnance Survey the townland of Ringarraun, parish of Ballyhean, was also in his possession but it was held by Matthew Lewis Coneys of Clifden, county Galway, in Griffith's Valuation. James Hardiman gave some of his land for the founding of the monastery at Errew in 1840, see http://www.castlebar.ie/clubs/ballyheane/bally2.html. In November 1887, Richard Rowland was offering for sale a quarter share of the lands at Errew as well as lands at Derrymacloughna, barony of Clare, county Galway, in the Land Judges' Court. However, due to absence of bidding, the sale was adjourned.
Acheson (Shanboolard) -
The Achesons bought property in the parish of Ballynakill, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway in the 1860s, Shanboolard from E. Whitwell and Richard Reville's lease of Cartron. The sales rentals of Shanboolard in 1878 record that Alfred Ernest Acheson spent almost £4,000 on improvements to his property. Shanboolard was described as a castellated residence. The Achesons were very involved with the promotion of the Galway to Clifden railway. Alfred E. Acheson's property of about 400 acres in the barony of Ballynahich was advertised for sale 3 times in 1878.
William H. Suffield, a medical doctor was born in St Pancres, London in 1815 and died at Letterfrack in 1872. He married Ellen Maguire. He was chairman of the Clifden Relief Committee in the 1840s and is recorded as a medical doctor of Renvyle in the 1862 Thom's Directory. Mrs. Ellen Suffield of Dublin is recorded as the owner of over 500 acres in county Galway in the 1870s. http://boards.rootsweb.com/surnames.suffield/3.1/mb.ashx
Young (Doohulla) -
Tim Robinson writes that John K. Boswell sold his estate at Doohulla, parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, to W. Young in the 1860s. In the 1870s William Young of Brockley Park, Stradbally, county Laois and Doohulla Lodge, Clifden, county Galway, owned 1888 acres in county Galway and 821 acres in county Laois. The Youngs were a Scottish family who settled in county Antrim in the 17th century and moved to county Laois in the early 19th century.
D'Arcy (Castlepark) -
Major John Talbot D'Arcy of Castlepark, Ballinasloe, county Roscommon, owned 1961 acres in county Roscommon in the 1870s. Castlepark was formerly a Kelly house. Castlepark and 1,114 acres in the barony of Moycarn with the lands of Turrock in the barony of Athlone were advertised for sale by John D'Arcy in 1878. John Talbot D'Arcy was a son of John D'Arcy of Clifden and Kiltullagh and a younger brother of the Reverend Hyacinth D'Arcy. In 1846 John Talbot D'Arcy married Jane daughter and co heiress of Daniel Kelly of Cargins, county Roscommon.
The Pattersons were established in Ennis, county Clare, by the late 18th century. Marcus Patterson was Lord Chief Justice of Ireland from 1770-1787. Their estate at the time of Griffith's Valuation was in the parishes of Kilraghtis and Templemaley, barony of Bunratty Upper, Killaloe in the barony of Tulla Lower and Oughtmama in the barony of Burren. Lieutenant Colonel Marcus Paterson of Ballycurgan, Killaloe and Clifden House, Corrofin, owned 4,347 acres in county Clare in the 1870s.
The Agar family held estates in both Ireland and England and were mainly associated with county Kilkenny. The senior branch of the family bore the title Viscount Clifden. Charles Agar, a brother of the 1st Viscount Clifden, was made Archbishop of Cashel in 1779 and of Dublin in 1801. He was created Earl of Normanton in 1806. The Odnance Survey Name Books refer to the "Earl of Normondton" as a proprietor in the parish of Emly in 1840. In Griffith's Valuation the 2nd Earl of Normanton is recorded as an immediate lessor in the parish of Kilteely, barony of Smallcounty, county Limerick. The Reverend Michael L. Apjohn held the townlands of Kildromin (750 acres) and Wonderhill (252 acres) from the Earl. In county Tipperary Griffith's Valuation records the Earl of Nomanston's estate as primarily located in the parishes of St Patrickrock, barony of Middlethird and Emly, barony of Clanwilliam. Hussey de Burgh records the 3rd Earl of Normanton as the owner of 3294 acres in county Kilkenny, 1003 acres in county Limerick and 7625 acres in county Tipperary. He also makes reference to a fee farm estate of 2149 acres in county Limerick. The Earl of Normanton is not listed in the Return of landowners of one acre or more (1876) for county Limerick but Michael M.L. Apjohn is recorded as owning 1003 acres in county Limerick.
Jones (Ardbear) -
At the time of Griffith's Valuation Samuel Jones held Ballyconneely and islands in the parish of Ballindoon, previously part of the estate of the O'Neills of Bunowen and two townlands in the parish of Moyrus, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway. In November 1864 John Campbell Jones advertised for sale in the Landed Estates' Court an estate of over 3,600 acres in the Clifden locality in twelve lots. Part of the estate was readvertised in July 1865 and again in May 1868. Moreton Frewen acquired the Jones estate in the parish of Moyrus. John C. Jones still owned 455 acres in county Galway in the 1870s.
D'Arcy (Kiltullagh & Clifden Castle) -
The D'Arcy family of Kiltullagh, parish and barony of Athenry, county Galway, was founded by Patrick D'Arcy, a younger son of James Riveagh D'Arcy in the early 17th century. The D'Arcy's Connemara estate was granted to them under the Acts of Settlement. It had been confiscated from the O'Flaherty clan and by the 19th century amounted to over 12,000 acres mainly in the parish of Omey, barony of Ballynahinch. The head of the family at the turn of the 19th century was John D'Arcy (1785-1839) who founded the town of Clifden. Shortly before his death he mortgaged his estates to 2 English brothers Thomas and Charles Eyre of Bath and London. Following the Famine his son Hyacinth D'Arcy was in severe financial difficulty and his estates were one of the first to be sold in the Encumbered Estates' Court. The sales included 697 acres at Kiltullagh and part of the D'Arcy of New Forest estate in the barony of Tiaquin, county Galway, the two D'Arcy families had intermarried. Much of Hyacinth D'Arcy's Connemara property was purchased by the Eyre brothers and Thomas Eyre subsequently bought out his brother's interest. A consortium, which included James Sadlier, appears to have bought the townland of Kylemore which they advertised for sale in the Landed Estates' Court in May 1859 and was purchased by Benjamin Lee Guinness. At the time of Griffith's Valuation Thomas Eyre was the occupier of the part of the New Forest estate that had belonged to the D'Arcys of Clifden.
John Armstrong, a member of a county Fermanagh family, was living at South Hill, Clifden, county Galway, circa 1840. He was married to Letitia Pratt de Montmorency. This Armstrong family also resided at Graigaverne, county Laois and held land at Ballybeg, barony of Iffa and Offa and Quartercross, barony of Middlethird, county Tipperary, which was advertised for sale in March 1862. In 1881 John Armstrong's youngest son William married Kathleen Lushington of Rodmersham, Kent. When she was left a substanial inheritance by her aunt Mrs Tulloch in 1884 they returned from America where they had been cattle ranching and in 1890 bought Shanboolard Hall and estate. Four years later they bought the former estate of Thomas Prior, 1140 statute acres and Ross House. Most of the estate was sold to the Congested Districts Board in 1921.
At the time of Griffith's Valuation Richard Foreman held two townlands in the parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, amounting to over 1,700 acres and previously part of the Bunowen estate of the O'Neills. Thomas Bennett had bought one of the townlands, Beaghcaunneen, from the O'Neill sale and leased it in late 1852 to Richard Foreman for 999 years. The assignees of Thomas Bennett advertised the sale of his interest in Beaghcaunneen in 1858 and 1859. The Freeman's Journal reported in March 1859 that the townland had been bought in trust for J.C. Lyons. In the 1870s William Foreman [a medical doctor] of Wigan in Lancashire, England, owned 3,236 acres in county Galway. It is not clear if the two Foremans are connected but the letter in the Lancashire Record Office tends to suggest that William Foreman was corresponding with a Mr Hart of Clifden, Connemara, close to the parish of Ballindoon.
D'Arcy (Newforest) -
This branch of the D'Arcy family were descended from Martin D'Arcy, second son of James 'Riveagh' D'Arcy, and were settled at Rockvale on the northern border of county Clare from the late 17th century. The Newforest estate, parish of Kilkerrin, barony of Tiaquin, county Galway, was in the shared ownership of this branch of the D'Arcy family and the D'Arcys of Kiltullagh and Clifden from the 17th century. In 1754 the estate was officially divided between the two branches. The D'Arcys of Clifden sold their part of the estate in 1850 to Thomas Eyre. Richard D'Arcy built a house on the Newforest estate soon after the division of the land and the Newforest estate remained in the possession of the D'Arcy family into the 20th century. He also built a house at Rockvale on his county Clare estate in the parish of Kilkeedy, barony of Inchiquin. He purchased 2,782 acres in that parish from the sale of the estate of the Marquis of Thomond in 1857. The Newforest estate was expanded with the purchase of the Fiddane estate of the Kellys in the 19th century, which McCarthy writes amounted to over 7,000 acres. In 1844 the D'Arcys also inherited the Fisherhill estate of their cousins, the Blakes. At the time of Griffith's Valuation the D'Arcys had lands in county Mayo in the parishes of Kilconduff and Killasser, barony of Gallen, and in the parish of Breaghwy, barony of Carra. Over 1100 acres of the D'Arcy estate in county Mayo was sold to the Congested Districts' Board on 28 July 1903 and 4395 acres was vested in the Board in March 1915. In the mid 19th century the Newforest estate was divided between two brothers James and Martin D'Arcy. Martin D'Arcy and his descendants lived at Wellfort, previously part of the Kelly estate. In the 1870s Hyacinth D'Arcy of Newforest owned 4,434 acres in county Galway, 3,871 acres in county Mayo and 3,129 acres in county Clare. The Newforest estate was divided among the tenants in the early 20th century but the D'Arcy family retained the home farm until the 1950s when it was bought by the Land Commission and the house demolished.
Blake (Towerhill & Bunowen) -
The Blakes of Menlo Castle, county Galway, held the lands of Clonyne and Clooneen or Towerhill, parish of Touaghty, barony of Carra, county Mayo, from the time of Strafford's Survey in 1636. Clooneen may have been purchased from Oliver Bowen in 1632 by the Blakes of Menlo for £400. In the early 18th century Isidore Blake had a lease from his cousin, Sir Walter Blake, 6th Baronet, of the lands of Clooneen and his son Maurice bought the fee simple in 1753 from Sir Ulick Blake, 8th Baronet. Most of the Blake estate was in the parish of Touaghty. Maurice's son, Isidore Blake, was the first to live in the house at Towerhill. A member of a junior branch of this family bought the Fisherhill estate from the trustees of Richard Martin in 1788. When Isidore's son married in 1803 he went to live at Oldhead, parish of Kilgeever, barony of Murrisk. In 1853 Valentine O'Connor Blake bought Bunowen Castle and estate in the parish of Ballindoon, county Galway, from John Augustus O'Neill. He is also recorded as holding several townlands in the parish of Kilbeacanty, barony of Kiltartan, in south county Galway and in the parishes of Athenry and Claregalway, barony of Clare, in 1855. In the 1870s Valentine O'Connor Blake of Towerhill and Bunowen Castle, Clifden, owned 4,198 acres in county Mayo and 7,690 acres in county Galway. The county Galway property was sold to the Congested Districts Board in 1909 and half the county Mayo property in February 1914.