Ballindoon House -
Ballindoon or Kingsborough House in the townland of Kingsborough was built c.1820. An earlier house, known as Kingsborough, stood on the site.At the time of Griffith's Valuation, John Gethin was in possession of the house at Kingsborough which was valued at £20. In 1906 Percy Gethin owned the property then valued at £22. The house is still extant.
In 1871 the trustees of the will of John Charles Lyons advertised for sale lands in the parishes of Ballindoon and Moyrus, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway. These lands were in the hands of Richard Foreman and Thomas Geoghegan at the time of Griffith's Valuation.
At the time of Griffith's Valuation the townland of Munga, parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, was held by John Geraghty on a 999 year lease from the O'Neills of Bunowen Castle. In the 1870s John Geraghty is recorded as owning 850 acres in county Galway. He sold his interest in Munga to the Frewens in the late 19th century.
Geoghegan/O'Neill (Bunowen) -
Art Geoghegan of Castletown, county Westmeath, was transplanted to the confiscated O'Flaherty lands at Bunowen, parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, by the Cromwellian Commissioners. During the 18th century the Geoghegans became Protestants and at the beginning of the 19th century changed their surname to O'Neill. The Geoghegans were originally one of the septs of the south Uí Neill. John Augustus O'Neill, Member of Parliament, succeeded to the estate in 1830 but after the Famine he was in severe financial difficulty and sold most of his estate in 1852 to Valentine O'Connor Blake of Towerhill. At the time of Griffith's Valuation a Thomas Geoghegan held a townland in both the parishes of Moyrus and Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch.
In the mid 19th century John Kendall, a London lawyer, bought the estate of the Morrises of Ballinaboy, parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway. The sale rental of the Graham estate in 1858 shows him renting 2112 acres at Addergoole, the part known as 'The Glen'. In the 1870s he owned 2892 acres in the county. He sold the Ballinaboy property back to the Morrises before the end of the century. In 1906 the representatives of John Kendall held untenanted land in the parish of Ballindoon. By March 1916 P. J. Kendall and another had accepted a final offer from the Congested Districts' Board for 2630 acres of untenanted land.
At the time of Griffith's Valuation Richard Foreman held two townlands in the parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, amounting to over 1,700 acres and previously part of the Bunowen estate of the O'Neills. Thomas Bennett had bought one of the townlands, Beaghcaunneen, from the O'Neill sale and leased it in late 1852 to Richard Foreman for 999 years. The assignees of Thomas Bennett advertised the sale of his interest in Beaghcaunneen in 1858 and 1859. The Freeman's Journal reported in March 1859 that the townland had been bought in trust for J.C. Lyons. In the 1870s William Foreman [a medical doctor] of Wigan in Lancashire, England, owned 3,236 acres in county Galway. It is not clear if the two Foremans are connected but the letter in the Lancashire Record Office tends to suggest that William Foreman was corresponding with a Mr Hart of Clifden, Connemara, close to the parish of Ballindoon.
At the time of Griffith's Valuation John K. Boswell held 2 townlands in the parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, previously part of the Bunowen estate of the O'Neills. Robinson writes that he was one of the first persons to scientifically develop a fishery (in the Doohulla area) in Ireland and England and that he sold his Connemara property to W. Young in the early 1860s. In the 1850s a John Boswell also held 2 townlands in the parish of Killinvoy, barony of Athlone, county Roscommon.
Young (Doohulla) -
Tim Robinson writes that John K. Boswell sold his estate at Doohulla, parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, to W. Young in the 1860s. In the 1870s William Young of Brockley Park, Stradbally, county Laois and Doohulla Lodge, Clifden, county Galway, owned 1888 acres in county Galway and 821 acres in county Laois. The Youngs were a Scottish family who settled in county Antrim in the 17th century and moved to county Laois in the early 19th century.
Jones (Ardbear) -
At the time of Griffith's Valuation Samuel Jones held Ballyconneely and islands in the parish of Ballindoon, previously part of the estate of the O'Neills of Bunowen and two townlands in the parish of Moyrus, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway. In November 1864 John Campbell Jones advertised for sale in the Landed Estates' Court an estate of over 3,600 acres in the Clifden locality in twelve lots. Part of the estate was readvertised in July 1865 and again in May 1868. Moreton Frewen acquired the Jones estate in the parish of Moyrus. John C. Jones still owned 455 acres in county Galway in the 1870s.
Morris (Ballinaboy) -
Through marriage with a member of the Lynch family the Morrises inherited a quarter part of the estate of the Frenchs of Errislannan, parish of Omey, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway. Once the Errislannan estate was officially divided in 1843 the Morris family built Ballinaboy House on their part of the division. Griffith's Valuation shows them holding 2 townlands in the parish of Ballindoon. They were ruined financially by the Famine and leased the land and house to John Kendall of London. In the 1870s Anthony Morris owned 597 acres in county Galway. In 1890 the Morris family were able to buy back the lease and settled again at Ballinaboy in 1896. Members of the family still reside there.
Wall (Errislannan) -
In the 1830s the Reverend Richard Wall of Barmount Manor, county Wexford, rented from Colonel Lambert his quarter share of the Errislannan estate, approximately 1100 acres in the parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, 679 acres of which were held on lease from the Bishop of Tuam. In April 1850 the estate was advertised for sale by Colonel Lambert, the Reverend Richard Wall being the petitioner and presumably the purchaser. Reverend Wall renovated the shooting lodge and named it Errislannan Manor and the estate was eventually inherited by his daughter Henrietta, who married the Reverend George Heather in 1866. In the 1870s Mary Anne Wall of Errislannan owned 890 acres in county Galway.
In 1850 Thomas Frewen of Brickwall House, Sussex, purchased two townlands in the parish of Omey, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway from the sale of the D'Arcy estate for sporting purposes. The Frewens were also supporters of the Irish Church Missions. They later acquired two townlands in the parish of Moyrus from Samuel Jones and Munga in the parish of Ballindoon from John Geraghty, who had a 999 year lease from the O'Neills. In 1870 Moreton Frewen inherited his father's estate of 2709 acres in Connemara. Moreton Frewen was a colourful personality who married one of the Jerome sisters of New York and at one time had one of the largest cattle ranches in the United States of America. In 1917 he transferred his Connemara estate to his nephew, Layton Frewen, from whom it was eventually purchased by the Land Commission. A distinctly related branch of this family had purchased the Adderley estate at Innishannon, county Cork, by the mid 19th century.
Law Life Assurance Society -
At the time of Griffith's Valuation this company held two townlands in the parish of Kilgeever, barony of Murrisk, nine townlands in the parish of Kilmeena, barony of Burrishoole, four townlands in the parish of Aglish and one townland in the parish of Turlough, barony of Carra, previously the estate of Sir Samuel O'Malley of Kilboyne, county Mayo. In county Galway they had taken over the vast estate of the Martins of Ballinahinch which was heavily mortgaged to them. The estate included lands in the parishes of Ross, Ballindoon, Ballynakill, Omey, Moyrus, Kilcummin, Killannin, Moycullen and Rahoon, in the baronies of Ross, Ballynahinch, Moycullen and Galway. In 1853 the estate had been surveyed by Thomas Colville Scott for a prospective buyer but the sale never happened. Members of the Robinson family of Roundstone were agents to the Society and later to the Berridge family. The ''Return of Proprietors" in the 1870s records the Society as holding over 165,000 acres in county Galway. An undated sales rental in the National Archives records the sale of the Law Life Assurance Society's county Mayo estate by Frederick Flint and Sons, auctioneers, Dublin, including the purchases made by Mr McDonnell and J.William Kelly of St Helens, Westport. The Congested Districts' Board bought just over 4,000 acres of Clare Island on 15 Mar 1895.
Coneys (Clifden) -
The Coneys family were granted lands in the barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway under the Acts of Settlement. Thomas Cunnys of Cleggan, county Galway, was involved in a number of transactions with Colonel John Browne of Westport in the early 18th century. The Cunnis family of Clifden also sheltered James Joseph McDonnell when escaping to America after the 1798 Rebellion. A document in the Milford Papers records them leasing over 900 acres from the Millers in the parish of Ballynakill in 1804. By the early 19th century they were leasing land from John D'Arcy of Clifden at Streamstown in the parish of Omey. In 1814 members of the family were residing at Ardbear, Aughris and Streamstown. The family still live at Streamstown. At the time of Griffith's Valuation Coneys family members held land in the parishes of Ballindoon and Omey, barony of Ballynahinch while Matthew Lewis Coneys held the townland of Ringarraun, parish of Ballyhean, barony of Carra, county Mayo. It was previously in the possession of James Hardiman. In 1865 Coneys advertised Ringarraun for sale in the Landed Estates' Court.
Smyth (New Park) -
In 1808 Ralph Smyth of Barbaville, Collinstown, county Westmeath, married Eliza daughter and heiress of Matthew Lyster of New Park, county Roscommon. At the time of Griffith's Valuation their eldest son William Barlow Smyth of Barbaville, held 3 townlands in the parish of Ballindoon, barony of Ballynahinch, county Galway, previously part of the Bunowen estate of the O'Neills. Pádraig Lane states that Smyth bought 2,796 acres from the O'Neills. A copy conveyance in the Joyce, Mackie and Lougheed collection documents the William Barlow Smyth's purchase of Bunowenbeg from the O'Neills in 1852. The collection includes a rentroll of the Smyth's estate at Callow, Dolan, Bunowenbeg and part of Ballyconnelly, dated 19 November 1877. In the 1870s William Smyth of county Westmeath owned 2,449 acres in county Galway, 2,108 acres in county Westmeath and 478 acres in county Meath. William B. Smyth was succeeded by his brother Henry Mathew Smyth in 1886. Henry Smyth of New Park, county Roscommon, married a Coote of Ballyfin and at the time of Griffith's Valuation held lands in the parishes of Kiltoom and Taghmaconnell, barony of Athlone, county Roscommon. In November 1860, over 1,800 acres in county Roscommon belonging to Henry Mathew Smyth were advertised for sale. The purchasers included Messers Gannon, Gaynor, Keogh and Meredith. On 9 June 1859 William Tuthill conveyed Drominagh to Frederick Smythe and in July 1870s Frederick Smythe put the estate up for sale in the Landed Estates' Court.
Blake (Towerhill & Bunowen) -
The Blakes of Menlo Castle, county Galway, held the lands of Clonyne and Clooneen or Towerhill, parish of Touaghty, barony of Carra, county Mayo, from the time of Strafford's Survey in 1636. Clooneen may have been purchased from Oliver Bowen in 1632 by the Blakes of Menlo for £400. In the early 18th century Isidore Blake had a lease from his cousin, Sir Walter Blake, 6th Baronet, of the lands of Clooneen and his son Maurice bought the fee simple in 1753 from Sir Ulick Blake, 8th Baronet. Most of the Blake estate was in the parish of Touaghty. Maurice's son, Isidore Blake, was the first to live in the house at Towerhill. A member of a junior branch of this family bought the Fisherhill estate from the trustees of Richard Martin in 1788. When Isidore's son married in 1803 he went to live at Oldhead, parish of Kilgeever, barony of Murrisk. In 1853 Valentine O'Connor Blake bought Bunowen Castle and estate in the parish of Ballindoon, county Galway, from John Augustus O'Neill. He is also recorded as holding several townlands in the parish of Kilbeacanty, barony of Kiltartan, in south county Galway and in the parishes of Athenry and Claregalway, barony of Clare, in 1855. In the 1870s Valentine O'Connor Blake of Towerhill and Bunowen Castle, Clifden, owned 4,198 acres in county Mayo and 7,690 acres in county Galway. The county Galway property was sold to the Congested Districts Board in 1909 and half the county Mayo property in February 1914.